PCOD is a common hormonal problem that affects women of childbearing age. It is a silent condition and many women may not even be aware that they suffer from this. The ovaries are affected by PCOD.
It also has an impact on the reproductive organs that has estrogen and progesterone. These are the two hormones that regulate a woman’s menstrual cycle. It is characterised by multiple cysts or fluid-filled sacs in the ovaries.
Medical experts are not very sure as to what exactly causes this condition. But some suspect that high levels of male hormones may be behind it.
Other reasons may be genes, insulin resistance and inflammation. PCOD patients often exhibit elevated inflammation in their body. Obesity may be another reason.
Symptoms of PCOD
The most common symptom of PCOD is missed period. Sudden weight gain and infertility may be other warning signs. Sometimes, you may also experience heavy bleeding.
Other symptoms may be unnatural grow hair on their face and body, acne outbreak, baldness, dark patches on skin and recurring headaches.
lYour doctor will first check for high androgen levels and ask you if you have irregular periods He will then check for cysts in the ovaries accordingly he will recommend a pelvic exam, blood tests and ultrasound to make a diagnosis.
He may also recommend birth control pills along with other medicines to regulate the menstrual cycle and treat PCOS symptoms like hair growth and acne Metformin, a common drug used to treat type 2 diabetes, PCOD , your doctor may also recommend surgery if nothing else works
Effect on health
This is a benign condition, but it can adversely affect your overall health Infertility is a real problem for women with PCOD You are also prone to weight gain.
This puts you at the risk of obesity and associated health problems It can also increase your risk of sleep apnea, endometrial cancer, and depression.